RIGHT THIS WAY PLEASE
The first human farmers
lived about 12,000 years ago.
Following was a slow process of domestication of crops and animals that ultimately evolved into factory farming.
Factory farming began in the 1920s, when it was discovered that, when adding vitamins A and D to the feed, animals no longer required sunlight and exercise for physical growth.
The proliferation of industrial hog production facilities from then on changed drastically and continues to do so.
Densely populated hog farms mean that there is a greater concentration of animal waste to be dealt with. Enter cesspools. Or anaerobic lagoons. Or manure lagoons. You get the picture.
Cesspools are filled with animal waste created by Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs). As hog feces and urine collect in cesspools, the sludge is broken down naturally by bacterial digestion. Hazardous nitrogen is eliminated, but in the process it is converted into ammonia gas. With subsequent rainfalls, the ammonia is returned to the earth, polluting the rivers and streams.
Waste lagoons, often as big as several football fields, are also prone to leaks and spills. Every time it rains, excess phosphorous and nitrogen from the urine and feces of farmed animals seep into neighbor waterways, causing algae blooms to spread and marine creatures to die.
In 1995 an 8-acre hog-waste lagoon in North Carolina burst, spilling 25 million gallons of manure into the New River. The spill killed about 10 million fish and closed 364,000 acres of coastal wetlands to shell fishing.
When Hurricane Floyd hit North Carolina in 1999, at least five manure lagoons burst and approximately 47 lagoons were completely flooded.
In 2011, an Illinois hog farm spilled 200,000 gallons of manure into a creek, killing over 110,000 fish. In 2012, a California dairy left over 50 manure covered cow carcasses rotting around its property and polluting nearby waters.
The amount of animal manure produced in North America is 130 times greater than the amount of human waste.
Knowing that around 96% of all the pork meat produced in North America comes from factory farming, taking part in this shit circle is nearly unavoidable for the average meat consumer.
By adopting a plant-based diet, we could have the greatest of impact on the planet.
Content sources :
Factory Farms a Global Food Problem, Connected to Michigan." MediaMouse. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2013.
Ervin, Alexander M., Cathy Holtslander, Darrin Qualman, and Rick Sawa. Beyond Factory Farming, Corporate Hog Barns and the Threat to Public Health, the Environment and Rural Communities. N.p.: CANADIAN CENTRE FOR POLICY ALTERNATIVES, n.d. Print.
"Facts about Pollution from Livestock Farms." Natural Resources Defence Counsil. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2013.
"Environmental Reasons Fornot Eating Animals." Environmental Reasons For not Eating Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2013.
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